I’ve heard from several people that the old house on our farm wasn’t built in its present location, but was moved there. We recently toured a historic building in Hillsborough that was moved several miles in the 19th century, to its current location.
I had an understanding of how structures are moved today: they’re lifted with hydraulic jacks then positioned beneath a large trailer hitched to a truck. But how were they moved back before hydraulics and trucks?
Here’s a description of how a church in Michigan was moved in 1891 (taken from HERE):
By employing jacks, the church was first lifted off its foundation; heavy beams, greased and with pointed ends, were secured to the underside, which would act like runners on a sled. A temporary wooden track made of flat planks and cross ties (similar to railroad tracks) were laid on the roadway, and the structure was pulled across the track on the greased beams. Once part of the track was cleared, workers would move and install the track at the front of the structure, and the job continued.
A capstan was necessary to apply enough force to move the church, as a lone horse wouldn’t be strong enough on its own. This capstan operated much like the ones seen on ships to raise anchor. In the photograph, you can see the capstan was moored in the roadway with large posts driven into the ground and attached with chains. The horse would rotate the axle by walking in a circle and would pull the structure along the temporary track. As the picture was taken while the horse was resting, the chains mooring the capstan to the ground are slack.
I’m continually amazed at what our predecessors were able to accomplish without the machinery we take for granted today.