According to the Bible, God planted the first garden. (Genesis 2:8). He created humans to tend that garden. (Genesis 2:15). Originally all of creation existed in peace and harmony in the garden. Then things got screwed up. And now, creation groans. But we are promised that someday God will restore creation to the shalom and perfection for which it was intended. (Romans 8:21).
What will that look like?
Although we can’t be sure, the Bible does give us peeks and glimpses of this new creation.
The prophets of the Old Testament foresaw the day when God would restore and redeem the earth. Isaiah prophesied that in the restored creation, with all of nature once again living peacefully and in harmony, humans will build houses and plant vineyards. (Isaiah 65: 21.) From these blessed vineyards, presumably, will come wine that Jesus will someday drink with his followers. (Luke 22:18).
And on these heavenly farms, men and women will not only plant vineyards and make wine, they will also plow and prune. In his beautiful vision of the end of time, Isaiah says, “They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.” (Isaiah 2: 4). When all these instruments of death, violence and destruction are transformed into instruments of creation and life, what will be done with them? It makes no sense to create so many plows and pruning hooks unless there is to be plowing and pruning. And lest anyone worry that this will just be labor for someone else’s benefit, Micah adds, “every man will sit under his own vine and under his own fig tree.” (Micah 4: 4).
We cannot know for sure what the earth will look like when God restores it to its originally intended perfection. But the biblical narrative tells us that we can be sure there will be no war, no death, no destruction, disease or decay. And there will be heavenly agriculture.